- Observe features of the local environment, capturing these through drawings

- Create a memory map using objects from a walk around school

- Develop familiarity with maps, atlases and globes and begin to explain what they show

- Can talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one to another.



- Take photos of interesting things and explain what the photos show

- Study and label aerial photographs and maps of the local area

- Observe and record the features, similarities and differences around school and its area

- Communicate findings in different ways (e.g. reports, graphs, sketches, diagrams)

- Use simple compass directions and locational/directional language to describes features and routes on maps and aerial photographs

- Create a map which uses the main physical and human features, and construct basic symbols in a key

- Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the countries, continents and oceans studied.



- Design questions and studies to conduct in the local area

- Undertake environmental surveys of the school (e.g. litter, noise, likes, dislikes, areas for improvement)

- Undertake weather surveys, recording changes and observations

- Make an aerial plan/map of the school, with main geographical features identified with a key

- Use eight-point compass directions

- Choose effective recording and presentation methods

- Draw conclusions from data

- Use coordinates to describe and locate positions on an aerial plan/map of the school

- Begin to understand the symbols on ordnance survey maps

- Plot a walk using an ordnance survey map

- Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied



- Undertake a survey to compare traffic flows at different times

- Begin to ask geographical questions (e.g. how is traffic controlled?)

- Take photographs to support findings

- Select methods for collecting, presenting and analysing data

- Analyse evidence and draw conclusions

- Locate and explain the features of rivers

- Study pictures of historic river usage and compare and contrast to present day

- Explain the scaling on different ordnance survey maps

- Successfully navigate a walk using an ordnance survey map