- Make observations of animals and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.



- Identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds

- Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores

- Describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, including pets)

- Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

- Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults

- Find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)

- Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene.



- Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat

- Identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement

- Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans

- Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions

- Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey



Animals including Humans

- Describe the changes as humans develop to old age

- Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood

- Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

- Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans


Evolution & Inheritance

- Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago

- Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents

- Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution.