Seasonal Changes

- Observe changes across the four seasons

- Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies



Forces and Magnets

- Compare how things move on different surfaces

- Notice that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance

- Observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others

- Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials

- Describe magnets as having two poles

- Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing



Forces and Magnets

- Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object

- Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces

- Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect


Earth and Space

- Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system

- Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth

- Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies

- Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky