- Look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change.

- Talk about the features of their own environment.

- Explain why some things occur.



- Ask simple questions, observe closely and use observations to answer questions.

- Perform simple tests.

- Identify and classify into given and self-generated groups.

- Begin to notice and discuss patterns and relationships.

- Gather, record and communicate findings.



- Set up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests.

- Make systematic and careful observations, using tables to support.

- Take accurate measurements using a range of equipment, including thermometers.

- Classify and present data in a variety of ways.

- Use results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions and raise further questions.

- Look for naturally occurring patterns and relationships.

- Know when secondary sources might help them to answer questions.



- Recognise and control variables where necessary when planning scientific enquiries.

- Take measurements with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate.

- Present data of increasing complexity using a range of scientific diagrams.

- Discuss causal relationships and explain the degree of trust in the results.

- Use test results to make predictions to set up further tests. develop a new line of enquiry.

- Explore and talk about their own ideas.

- Recognise that scientific ideas change over time.