- Respect the differences and similarities between people

- Understand the biological differences between male and female animals and their role in the life cycle

- Describe the biological differences between male and female children

- Discuss about growing from young to old and that they are growing and changing

- Understand that everybody needs to be cared for and the ways in which they care for others

- Recognise different types of family and talk about how their home-life is special



- Discuss the way we grow and change throughout the human lifecycle

- Discuss the physical changes associated with puberty

- Begin to understand menstruation

- Recognise the impact of puberty on physical hygiene and the strategies for managing this

- Describe how puberty affects emotions and behaviour and strategies for dealing with the changes associated with puberty

- Develop strategies for dealing with feelings in the context of relationships



- Understand the changes that occur during puberty, including wet dreams

- Consider different attitudes and values around gender stereotyping and sexuality and consider their origin and impact

- Recognise what values are important to them in relationships and appreciate the importance of friendship in intimate relationships

- Understand human reproduction in the context of the human lifecycle

- Explain how a baby is made and grows (conception and pregnancy)

- Describe the roles and responsibilities of carers and parents

- Answer each other’s questions about sex and relationships with confidence and seek support and advice when they need it

- Know that contraception can be used to stop a baby from being conceived